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Vanclooster M., P. Viaene, K. Christiaens and S. Ducheyne



The WAVE model (Water and Agrochemicals in the soil, crop and Vadose Environment) describes the transport and transformations of matter and energy in the soil, crop and vadose environment. The WAVE model has been developed at the Institute for Land and Water Management of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium). It's a deterministic, numerical and integrated model that simulates the behavior of water, heat and agrochemicals in the vertical direction. The WAVE model is an integration of earlier models such as SWATRER (water module), SOILN (nitrogen module), LEACHN (heat and solute modules) and SUCROS (crop growth module).



Scientific articles

Vereecken H., M. Vanclooster, M. Swerts en J. Diels, 1991. Simulating nitrogen behaviour in soil cropped with winter wheat. Fertilizer Research, 27:233-243.

Vanclooster M., H. Vereecken, J. Diels, F. Huysmans, W. Verstraete en J. Feyen, 1992. Effect of mobile and immobile water in predicting nitrogen leaching from cropped soils. Modelling Geo-Biosphere Processes, 1:23-40.

Kim D.J., H. Vereecken, J. Feyen, M. Vanclooster and L. Stroosnijder, 1993. A numerical model of water movement and soil deformation in a ripening clay soil. Modelling Geo-Biosphere Processes, 1:185-203.

Mallants D., M. Vanclooster, J. Diels en J. Feyen, 1992. Kwantitatieve en kwalitatieve aspecten van het waterbeheer. Naar een integrale aanpak. Water. Tijdschrift over waterproblematiek, 63:37-42.

Vanclooster M., P. Viaene, J. Diels and J. Feyen, 1995. A deterministic validation procedure applied to the integrated soil crop model WAVE. Ecological Modelling, 81:183-195.

Mallants D., D. Jacques, M. Vanclooster, J. Diels and J. Feyen, 1996. A stochastic approach to simulate water flow in macroporous soil. Geoderma,70:299-234.

Espino A., D. Mallants, M. Vanclooster, J. Diels and J. Feyen, 1995. A cautionary note on the use of pedotransfer functions for the estimation of soil hydraulic properties. Agricultural Water Management. 29: 235-253.

Burauel P., K. Hücker, M. Dust, G. Reinken and F. Führ, 1995. The fate of (Benzene- U14-C)benazolin-ethyl in a lysiemeter study supported by detailed laboratory experiments and model calculation. BCPC Monograph 62: 211-216

Droogers P. and J. Bouma, 1996. Biodynamic versus conventional framing effetcs on soil structure as expressed by simulated potential productivity. Soil Science Society of Am., J., 60: 1552-1558.

Droogers, P., A. Fermont and J. Bouma, 1996. Effets of ecological soil management on workability and trafficability of a loamy soil in the Netherlands. Geoderma 73: 131-145.

Droogers P., 1998. Effects of spatial variability and temporal variability on simulated transpiration ratio's. J. Of Hydrol 203:189-197

Droogers P., 19998. Time aggregation of nitrogen leaching in relation to critical thresholds values. J. Of Contam. Hydrol. IN Press.

Droogers P., F.B.W. van der Meer and J. Bouma, 1987. Water accessibility to plant roots in different soil structures occuring in the same soil type. Plant and Soil 188:83-91.

Droogers P. and J. Bouma, 1997. Soil survey input in exploratory modeling of sustainable soil management practices. Soil Sci. Soc. of Am. 61:1704-1710.

Verhagen J., H. Booltink and J. Bouma, 1995. Site specific management: balancing production and environmental requirements at farm level. Agricultural systems 49(4):369-384.

Mallants D., P.H. Tseng, M. Vanclooster and J. Feyen, 1998. Predicted drainage for a sandy loam soil: sensitivity to hydraulic property description. J. of Hydrology 206:136-147

Van Uffelen CGR, J. Verhagen and J. Bouma, 1997. Comparison of simulated and crop yield patterns for site specific management. Agricultural Systems. 54: 207-222

Verhagen, 1998. Site specific fertiliser application for potato production and effects on N-leaching using dynamic simulation modelling. Agriculture ecosystems and the environment. In press.

Verhagen J. and J. Bouma, 1998. The role of post harvest soil N conditions for N leaching during the wet seasons. Geoderma, IN press.

Verhagen J. and J. Bouma, 1998. Focus N fertiliser practices during the dry season on post hravest soil N conditions. Agriculture, ecosystems and the environment. IN press.

Vanclooster M., and J.J.T.I. Boesten, 2000. Application of nine pesticide leaching models to the Vredepeel dataset . I. Water, solute and heat transport. Agricultural Water Management. In Press.

Vanclooster M., J. Boesten, M. Trevisan, C. Brown, E. Capri, O. Vacek, O.M. Eklo, B. Gottesbüren, V. Gouy and A.M.A. van der Linden, 2000. A model validation exercise including 10 pesticide leaching models and 36 model users on 4 high quality data sets. Outline of the methodology and major recommendations. Submitted to Agricultural Water Management.

Tiktak, 1998. Application of nine pesticide leaching models to the Vredepeel dataset. II Pesticide fate . Agricultural Water Management. In Press.

Riga P. and S. Charpentier,1999. Simulation of nitrogen dynamics in an alluvial sandy soil with drip fertigation of apple trees. Soil use and management 15: 35-40.

Munoz-Carpena, J.E. Parsons and S. Ducheyne, 1999. Banana water quality modeling with WAVE. ASAE Meeting Paper 992217, 9 pp.

Meiresonne L., N. Nadezhdina, J. Cermak, J. Van Slycken and R. Ceulemans, 1999. Measured sap flow and simulated transpiration from poplar stand in Flanders (Belgium). Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 96: 165-179.

Green, S., Clothier, B. 1999. The root zone dynamics of water uptake by a mature apple tree. Plant and Soil 206: 61-77.

Fernández, J.E. C. Slawinski, F. Moreno, R.T. Walczak and M. Vanclooster, 2001. Simulating the fate of water in a soil-crop system of a semi-arid Mediterranean area with the WAVE 2.1 and the EURO-ACCESS-II models. Agricultural water management. Submitted.

Ritter A., F. Hupet, R. Muñoz-Carpena, M. Vanclooster, S. Lambot, 2001.  Inverse modeling with MCS algorithm of soil water flow in a sprinkler fertigated banana plantation. Agricultural Water Management. Submitted.

Van Alphen BJ and JJ Stoorvogel, 2000. A functional approach to soil characterisation in support of pr ecision agriculture. Soil. Sci. Soc. of Am. J., 64 : 1706-1713.

Van Alphen BJ, HWG Booltink and J. Bouma, 2001. Combining pedotransfer functions with physical measurements to improve the estimation of soil hydraulic properties. Geoderma 103 : 133-147.

Van  Alphen BJ, 2001. A case study on precision nitrogen management in Dutch arable farming. Nutrient cycling in agro-ecosystems. In press.

Van Alphen BJ and JJ Stoorvogel, 2001. A methodology for precision nitrogen fertilisation in high-input farming systems. Precision agriculture 2 : 319-332.

Van Alphen BJ and JJ Stoorvogel, 2001. Effects of soil variability and weather conditions on pesticide leaching : a f arm level evaluation. J. Env. Quality. In Press.

El-Sadek A., J. Feyen, J. Berlamont, 2001. Comparison of models for computing drainage discharge. Irrigation and drainage engineering 127(6) : 363-369.

Smit AB, Stoorvogel JJ and Wossink GAA, 2000 . A methodology to support the decision to invest in spatially variable nitrogen fertilisation. NETHERLANDS JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE   48 :273-290.

de Koeijer TJ, de Buck AJ, Wossink GAA, Oenema J, Renkema JA, Struik PC, 2003. Annual variation in weather: its implications for sustainability in the case of optimising nitrogen input in sugar beet. European Journal of Agronomy. 19, 251-264.

El-Sadek A., K. Oorts, L. Sammels, A. Timmerman, M. Radwan and J. Feyen, 2002. Comparative study of two nitrogen models. Irrigation and drainage engineering. Accepted.

Duwig, C., Becquer, T., Vogeler, I., Vauclin, M., Clothier, B.E., 2000. Water dynamics and nutrient leaching through a cropped Ferralsol in the Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). J. Environ. Qual. 29, 1010-1019.

Verstraete W., B. Muys, J. Feyen, F. Veroustrate, M. Minnaert, L.Meiresonne and A. de Schrijver, 2005. Comparative analaysis f th actual evapotranspiration of Flemish forest and crop land using the soil water balance model WAVE. Hess 9, 225-241.

Pieri, P (Pieri, Philippe) Title: Modelling radiative balance in a row-crop canopy: Cross-row distribution of net radiation at the soil surface and energy available to clusters in a vineyard Source: ECOLOGICAL MODELLING, 221 (5): 802-811 MAR 10 2010

Payet, N (Payet, Nicolas); Findeling, A (Findeling, Antoine); Chopart, JL (Chopart, Jean-Louis); Feder, F (Feder, Frederic); Nicolini, E (Nicolini, Eric); Saint Macary, H (Saint Macary, Herve); Vauclin, M (Vauclin, Michel) Title: Modelling the fate of nitrogen following pig slurry application on a tropical cropped acid soil on the island of Reunion (France) Source: AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT, 134 (3-4): 218-233 DEC 2009

Munoz-Carpena, R (Munoz-Carpena, R.); Ritter, A (Ritter, A.); Bosch, DD (Bosch, D. D.); Schaffer, B (Schaffer, B.); Potter, TL (Potter, T. L.) Title: Summer cover crop impacts on soil percolation and nitrogen leaching from a winter corn field Source: AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT, 95 (6): 633-644 JUN 2008

Pineros Garcet, JD; Ordonez, A; Roosen, J; Vanclooster, M Title: Metamodelling: Theory, concepts and application to nitrate leaching modelling Source: ECOLOGICAL MODELLING, 193 (3-4): 629-644 MAR 15 2006

Gabriel JL, Munoz-Carpena, R., Quemada M., 2012. The role of cover crops in irrigated systems: water balance, nitrate leaching and soil mineral nitrogen accumulation. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment, 155:50-61.

Gabriel JL, Almendros, P., Hontoria, C., M. Quemada, 2012. The role of cover crops in irrigated systems : soil salinity and salt leaching. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment, 158: 200-207.


Technical information

Operating system(s):  MS-DOS / MATLAB

Licence: Open source

Output(s): soil water balance, soil heat balance, soil nitrogen balance, soil crop growth

Export format(s): ASCII, Matlab *.mat file

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