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Year of publication:

Changsheng Li, University of New Hampshire





DNDC (i.e., DeNitrification-DeComposition) is a computer simulation model of carbon and nitrogen biogeochemistry in agro-ecosystems. The model can be used for predicting crop growth, soil temperature and moisture regimes, soil carbon dynamics, nitrogen leaching, and emissions of trace gases including nitrous oxide (N2O), nitric oxide (NO), dinitrogen (N2), ammonia (NH3), methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2).


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Scientific articles

Scientific articles

Han, J., Z. Jia, W. Wu, C. Li, Q. Han, J. Zhang. 2013. Modeling impacts of film mulching on rainfed crop yield in Northern China with DNDC, Field Crop Research, 155:202-212.

Smith, W.N., B.B. Granta, R.L. Desjardins, R. Kroebel, C. Li, B. Qian, D.E. Worth, B.G. McConkey, C.F. Drury. 2013. Assessing the effects of climate change on crop production and GHG emissions in Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 179 (2013) 139– 150.

Qin, X., H. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Li, B. McConkey, R. Lemke, C. Li, K. Brandt, Q. Gao, Y. Wan, S. Liu, Y. Liu, C. Xu. 2013. A long-term sensitivity analysis of the denitrification and decomposition model. Environmental Modelling & Software 43 :26-36.

Waldrip, HM; Todd, RW; Li, C; Cole, NA; Salas, WH. 2013. Estimationj of ammonia emissions from beef cattle feedyards using the process-based model Manure-DNDC. Translation of the Asabe , 56 ( 3 ): 1103-1114 ; MAY-JUN 2013

Muramoto, J., S.R. Gliessman, C. Shennan, T. Pisani Gareau, K.L. Monsen, S. Pedersen, M.P. Bolda, O. Daugovish, C.T. Bull, C. Li, J. Leap, D. Nieto, J. Bryer, S.T. Koike, R.F. Smith, M. Gaskell, K. Klonsky, W. Salas, and G.J.M. Oomen. 2013. The organic research network project on the central coast of California. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 1001:35-45.

Kang, XM; Hao, YB; Cui, XY; Chen, H; Li, CS; Rui, YC; Tian, JQ; Kardol, P; Zhong, L; Wang, JZ; Wang, YF. 2013. Effects of grazing on CO2 balance in a semiarid steppe: field observations and modeling,  JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS , 13 ( 6 ): 1012-1023 ; 10.1007/s11368-013-0675-5 JUN 2013.

Webster, KL; McLaughlin, JW; Kim, Y; Packalen, MS; Li, CS , 2013. Modelling carbon dynamics and response to environmental change along a boreal fen nutrient gradient. ECOLOGICAL MODELLING , 248 148-164 ; 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.10.004 JAN 10 2013.

Dai ZH, Trettin CC, Li CS, Li H, Sun G, Amatya DM 2012. Effect of Assessment Scale on Spatial and Temporal Variations in CH(4), CO(2), and N(2)O Fluxes in a Forested Wetland. Water Air and Soil Pollution 223(1):253-265 DOI: 10.1007/s11270-011-0855-0

Guo M, Li CS, Bell JNB, Murphy RJ 2012. Influence of Agro-Ecosystem Modeling Approach on the Greenhouse Gas Profiles of Wheat-Derived Biopolymer Products. Environmental Science & Technology 46(1): 320-330. DOI: 10.1021/es2030388

Li, C., W. Salas, R. Zhang, C. Krauter, A. Rotz, F. Mitloehner. 2012. Manure-DNDC: a biogeochemical process model for quantifying greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions from livestock manure systems. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 93: 163-200.

Junye Wang, Laura M. Cardenas, Tom H. Misselbrook, Steve Cuttle, Rachel E. Thorman,

Changsheng Li. Modelling nitrous oxide emissions from grazed grassland systems. Environmental Pollution 162 (2012) 223-233.

Kang, X., Y. Hao,  C. Li, X. Cui, J. Wang, Y. Rui, H. Niu, Y. Wang, 2011. Modeling impacts of climate change on carbon dynamics in a steppe ecosystem in Inner Mongolia, China, J Soils Sediments. DOI 10.1007/s11368-011-0339-2.

Deng, J., Z. Zhou, B. Zhu, X. Zheng, C. Li, X. Wang, and Z. Jian, 2011.  Modeling nitrogen loading in a small watershed in southwest China using a DNDC model with hydrological enhancements. Biogeosciences, 8, 2999-3009, doi:10.5194/bg-8-2999-2011.

Deng, J., B. Zhu, Z. Zhou, X. Zheng, C. Li, T. Wang and J. Tang. 2011. Modeling nitrogen loadings from agricultural soils in southwest China with modified DNDC. J. Geographical Research Vol. 116, G02020, doi:10.1029/2010JG001609.

Zhang, Y., T.  achs, C. Li and J. Boike, 2011. Upscaling methane fluxes from closed chambers to eddy covariance based on a permafrost biogeochemistry integrated model. Global Change Biology (2012) 18, 1428–1440, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02587.x

R. Krobel1, W. N. Smith, B. B. Grant, R. L. Desjardins, C. A. Campbell, N. Tremblay, C. S. Li, R. P. Zentner, and B. G. McConkey,2011. Development and evaluation of a new Canadian spring wheat sub-model for DNDC, Can. J. Soil Sci. (2011) 91: 503_520 doi:10.4141/CJSS2010-059.

Li, C. 2011. Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from agroecosystems: Scientific basis and modeling approach. In Understanding Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agricultural Management (eds. Guo, L., et al.), doi: 10.1021/bk-2011-1072.ch016 ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2011. Pp. 299-330.

Kariyapperuma KA, Wagner-Riddle C, Furon AC, Li CS 2011. Assessing Spring Thaw Nitrous Oxide Fluxes Simulated by the DNDC Model for Agricultural Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 75(2):678-690. DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2010.0264

Qiu JJ, Li H, Wang LG, Tang HJ, Li CS, Van Ranst E 2011. GIS-model based estimation of nitrogen leaching from croplands of China. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 90(2):243-252

Wang X, Zhu B,Li C, Gao M, Wang Y, Zhou Z, Yuan H 2011. Dissecting soil CO2 fluxes from a subtropical forest in China by integrating field measurements with a modeling approach. Geoderma 161(1-2): 88-94

Xu SX, Shi XZ, Zhao YC, Yu DS, Li CS, Wang SH, Tan MZ, Sun WX 2011. Carbon sequestration potential of recommended management practices for paddy soils of China, 1980-2050. Geoderma 166(1):206-213 DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.08.002

Xu SX, Shi XZ, Zhao YC, Yu DS, Wang SH, Zhang LM, Li CS, Tan MZ 2011. Modeling Carbon Dynamics in Paddy Soils in Jiangsu Province of China with Soil Databases Differing in Spatial Resolution. Pedosphere 21(6):696-705

Zhang Y, Wang YY, Su SL, Li CS 2011. Quantifying methane emissions from rice paddies in Northeast China by integrating remote sensing mapping with a biogeochemical model. Biogeosciences 8(5):1225-1235

Hastings AF, Wattenbach M, Eugster W, Li C, Buchmann N, Smith P 2010.

Uncertainty propagation in soil greenhouse gas emission models: An experiment using the DNDC model and at the Oensingen cropland site. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 136(1-2):97-110. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.11.016

Tang H, Qiu J, Wang L, Li H, Li C, van Ranst E 2010. Modeling Soil Organic Carbon Storage and Its Dynamics in Croplands of China. Agricultural Sciences in China 9(5):704-712. doi:10.1016/S1671-2927(09)60146-2

Marja Maljanen, Narasinha Shurpali, Jyrki Hytönen, Päivi Mäkiranta, Lasse Aro, Hannamaria Potila, Jukka Laine, Changsheng Li and Pertti J. Martikainen. 2010. Afforestation does not reduce nitrous oxide emissions from managed boreal peat soils. Biogeochemistry (In print).

Li, H., J. Qiu, L. Wang, H. Tang, C. Li, E.Van Ranst. 2010. Modelling impacts of alternative farming management practices on greenhouse gas emissions from a winter wheat–maize rotation system in China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 135 (2010) 24–33 . doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.08.003

Dai, Z., C. Li, C. Trettin, G. Sun, D. Amatya, H. Li. 2010. Bi-criteria evaluation of MIKE SHE model for a forested watershed on the South Carolina Coastal Plain. Hydrol. Earth Sys. Sci. 7:179-219.

Tonitto C., C. Li, R. Seidel and L. Drinkwater. 2010. Application of the DNDC model to the Rodale Institute Farming Systems Trial: challenges for the validation of drainage and nitrate leaching in agroecosystem models. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst. DOI 10.1007/s10705-010-9354-8

Smith, W.N., B.B. Grant, R.L. Desjardins, D. Worth, C. Li, S.H. Boles, and E.C. Huffman. 2010. A tool to link agricultural activity data with the DNDC model to estimate GHG emission factors in Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 136: 301-309.

Giltrap, D.L., C. Li, and S. Saggar. 2010. DNDC: A process-based model of greenhouse gas fluxes from agricultural soils. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 136:292-230.

Butterbach-Bahl K, Kahl M, Mykhayliv K, Werner C, Kiese R, Li C 2009. A European-wide inventory of soil NO emissions using the biogeochemical models DNDC/Forest-DNDC. Atmospheric Environment 43(7):1392-1402

Kurbatova J, Li C, Tatarinov F, Varlagin A, Shalukhina N, Olchev A 2009. Modeling of the carbon dioxide fluxes in European Russia peat bogs. Environmental Research Letters 4:045022. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/045022

Zhang L, Yu D, Shi X, Weindorf DC, Zhao L, Ding W, Wang H, Pan J, Li C 2009.  Simulation of Global Warming Potential (GWP) from rice fields in the Tai-lake region, China by coupling 1:50,000 soil database with DNDC model.  Atmospheric Environment, 43(17):2737-2746

Zhang L, Yu D, Shi X, Weindorf D, Zhao L, Ding W, Wang H, Pan J, Li C, 2009.  Quantifying methane emissions from rice fields in the Taihu Lake region, China by coupling a detailed soil database with biogeochemical model.  Biogeosciences, 6:739-749

Qiu, J., C. Li, L. Wang, H. Tang, H. Li, and E. Van Ranst (2009), Modeling impacts of carbon sequestration on net greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils in China, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 23, GB1007, doi:10.1029/2008GB003180.

Farahbakhshazad N, Dinnes DL, Li C, Jaynes DB, Salas W, 2008. Modeling biogeochemical impacts of alternative management practices for a row-crop field in Iowa. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 123: 30-48.

Fumoto, T., K. Kobayashi, C. Li, K. Yagi and T. Hasegawa. 2008. Revising a process-based biogeochemistry model (DNDC) to simulate methane emission from rice paddy fields under various residue management and fertilizer regimes. Global Change Biology (2008) 14, 382–402, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01475.x

Wang L., J. Qiu, H. Tang, H. Li, C. Li, E. Van Ranst. 2008. Impacts of Farming Management Alternatives on Soil Organic Carbon Dynamics Across Major Agricultural Regions in China. Geoderma 147:47-55.

Kurbatova, J., Li, C., Varlagin, A., Xiao, X., and Vygodskaya, N.: Modeling carbon dynamics in two adjacent spruce forests with different soil conditions in Russia, Biogeosciences, 5, 969-980, 2008.

Smith, W.N., B.B. Grant, R.L. Desjardins, P. Rochette, C.F. Drury, and C. Li, 2008. Evaluation of two process-based models to estimate N2O emissions in Eastern Canada. Canadian Journal of Soil Scinces, 15:31-51.

Leip A, G. Marchi, R. Koeble, M. Kempen, W. Britz, and C. Li. 2008. Linking an economic model for European agriculture with a mechanistic model to estimate nitrogen and carbon losses from arable soils in Europe, Biogeosciences, 5, 73-94.

Li, C., Quantifying soil organic carbon sequestration potential with modeling approach. In: Simulation of Soil Organic Carbon and Changes in Agricultural Cropland in China and Its Impact on Food Security, Eds. Tang, Van Ranst and Qiu. Pp. 1-14. China Meteorological Press, Beijing, 2007.

Smith, Gordon R., Bruce A. McCarl, Changsheng Li, Joel H. Reynolds, Roel Hammerschlag, Ron L. Sass, William J. Parton, Steven M. Ogle, Keith Paustian, James Holtkamp, and Wiley Barbour.  2007.  Harnessing farms and forests in the low-carbon economy: how to create, measure, and verify greenhouse gas offsets.  Edited by Zach Willey and Bill Chameides.  Raleigh, NC: Duke University Press, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions.  229 p. 

Beheydt, D., P. Boeckx, S. Sleutel, C. Li, and O. Van Cleemput. 2007. Validation of DNDC for 22 long-term N2O field emission measurements. Atmospheric Environment 41:6196-6211. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.04003.

Saggar S., D.L. Giltrap, C. Li, and K.R. Tate, 2007. Modelling nitrous oxide emissions from grazed grasslands in New Zealand, Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 119:205-216. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2006.07.010.

Li., C. 2007. Quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from soils: Scientific basis and modeling approach. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 53:344-352.

Farahbakhshazad, N., D.L. Dinnes, C. Li, D.B. Jaynes, W. Salas. 2007. Modeling biogeochemical impacts of alternative management practices for a row-crop field in Iowa. Agricultural Environment and Ecosystem, , doi:10.1016/j.agee.2007.04.004.

Li, C. 2007. Selenium deficiency and endemic heart failure in China: A case study of biogeochemistry for human health. AMBIO 36:90-93. DOI: 10.1579/0044-7447(2007)36[90:SDAEHF]2.0.CO;2

Tonitto C., M.B. David, L.E. Drinkwater, C. Li, 2007a, Application of the DNDC model to tile-drained Illinois agroecosystems: model calibration, validation, and uncertainty analysis, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems DOI 10.1007/s10705-006-9076-0

Tonitto C., M.B. David, C. Li. L.E. Drinkwater, 2007b, Application of the DNDC model to tile-drained Illinois agroecosystems: model comparison of conventional and diversified rotations, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems DOI 10.1007/s10705-006-9074-2.

Miehle P, Livesley SJ, Li C, Feikema PM, Adams MA, Arndt SK, 2006. Quantifying uncertainty from large-scale model predictions of forest carbon dynamics. Global Change Biology 12: 1421-1434. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.01176.x.

Miehle P, Livesley SJ, Feikema PM, Li C, Arndt SK, 2006. Assessing productivity and carbon sequestration capacity of Eucalyptus globulus plantations using the process model Forest-DNDC: calibration and validation. Ecological Modelling 192: 83-94.

Sun, G., C. Li, C. Trettin, J. Lu, and S.G. McNulty. 2006. Simulating the Biogeochemical Cycles in Cypress Wetland-Pine Upland Ecosystems at a Landscape Scale with the Wetland-DNDC Model. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Hydrology and Management of Forested Wetlands. April 8-12, 2006. New Bern, NC. pp 261-270.

Sleutel S., De Neve S., Beheydt D., Li C.., and Hofman G. 2006. Regional simulation of organic carbon stock changes in cropland soils using the DNDC model: 1. Large scale model validation. Soil Use and Management, 22:342-351.

Sleutel S., De Neve S., Beheydt D., Li C.., and Hofman G. 2006. Regional simulation of organic carbon stock changes in cropland soils using the DNDC model: 2. Prediction of SOC stock changes under a business as usual scenario. Soil Use and Management, 22:352-361.

Tang, H., J. Qiu, E. Van Ranst, and C. Li, 2006. Estimations of soil organic carbon storage in cropland of China based on DNDC model. Geoderma, 134:200-206.

Kesik, M., N. Brüggemann, R. Forkel, R. Kiese, R. Knoche, C. Li, G. Seufert, D. Simpson, K. Butterbach-Bahl, Future Scenarios of N2O and NO emissions from European forest soils, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences Volume 111, G02018, 2006

Miehle, P., S.J. Livesley, C. Li, P.M. Feikema, M.A. Adams, and S.K. Arndt. 2006. Quantifying uncertainty from large-scale model predictions of forest carbon dynamics. Global Change Biology 12:1421-1434. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.01176.x.

Miehle, P., S.J. Livesley, P.M. Feikema, C. Li, and S.K. Arndt. 2006. Assessing productivity and carbon sequestration capacity of Eucalyptus globulus plantations using the process model Forest-DNDC: Calibration and validation. Ecological Modelling 192:83-94.

Neufeldt, H., M. Schafer, E. Angenendt, C. Li, M. Kaltschmitt, and J. Zeddies. 2006. Disaggregated greenhouse gas emission inventories from agriculture via a coupled economic-ecosystem model. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 112:233-240.

Jagadeesh Babu, Y., C. Li, S. Frolking, D.R. Nayak, and T.K. Adhya. 2006. Field validation of DNDC model for methane and nitrous oxide emissions from rice-based production systems of India. Nutrien Cycling in Agroecosystems 74:157-174. doi:10.1007/s10705-005-6111-5.

Li, C., N. Farahbakhshazad, D.B. Jaynes, D.L. Dinnes, W. Salas, D. McLaughlin, 2006. Modeling nitrate leaching with a biogeochemical model modified based on observations in a row-crop field in Iowa. Ecological Modeling 196:116-130.

Li, C., W. Salas, B. DeAngelo, and S. Rose, 2006. Assessing alternatives for mitigating net greenhouse gas emissions and increasing yields from rice production in China over the next 20 years. Journal of Environmental Quality 35:1554-1565, doi:10.2134/jeq2005.0208.Zhang, F., C. Li, Z. Wang, and H. Wu. 2006. Modeling impacts of management alternatives on soil carbon storage of farmland in Northwest China. Biogeosciences 3:451-466.

Pathak H., C. Li, R. Wassmann R. and J.K. Ladha, 2006. Simulation of Nitrogen Balance in the Rice-Wheat Systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plains: Upscaling Using the DNDC Model. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70:1612-1622. doi:10.21.36/sssaj2005.0165.

Hsieh C, Leahy P, Kiely G, Li C, 2005. The effect of future climate perturbations on N2O emissions from a fertilized humid grassland. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 73: 15-23. DOI 10.1007/s10705-005-7129-4.

Kiese R, Li C, Hilbert DW, Papen H, Butterbach-Bahl K, 2005. Regional application of PnET-N-DNDC for estimating the N2O source strength of tropical rainforests in the Wet Tropics of Australia. Global Change Biology 11: 128-144. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00873.x.

Li., C., S. Frolking, and K. Butterbach-Bahl, 2005. Carbon sequestration in arable soils is likely to increase nitrous oxide emissions, offsetting reductions in climate radiative forcing. Climatic Change (2005) 72:321-338, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-005-6791-5.

Jagadeesh Babu, J., C. Li, S. Frolking, D.R. Nayak, A. Datta, and T.K. Adhya, 2005, Modeling of methane emissions from rice-based production systems in India with the denitrification and decomposition model: Field validation and sensitivity analysis. Current Science, Vol 89, No. 11, 1-6.

Li, C., S. Frolking, X. Xiao, B. Moore III, S. Boles, J. Qiu, Y. Huang, W. Salas, and R. Sass. 2005. Modeling impacts of farming management alternatives on CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions: A case study for water management of rice agriculture of China. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 19, doi:10.1029/2004GB002341.

Kesik, M., P. Ambus, R. Baritz, N. Brüggemann, K. Butterbach-Bahl, M. Damm, J. Duyzer, L. Horváth, R. Kiese, B. Kitzler, A. Leip C. Li, M. Pihlatie, K. Pilegaard, G. Seufert, D. Simpson, U. Skiba, G. Smiatek, T. Vesala, S. Zechmeister-Boltenstern, 2005. Inventories of N2O and NO emissions from European forest soils. Biogeosciences 2:353-375 SRef-ID:1726-4189/bg/2005-2-353.

Pathak H., C. Li, and Wassmann R., 2005. Greenhouse gas emissions from India rice fields: calibration and upscaling using the DNDC model, Biogeosciences, 2, 113-123.

Frolking, S., C. Li, R. Braswell, and J. Fuglestvedt, 2004, Short- and long-term greenhouse gas and radiative forcing impacts of changing water management in Asian rice paddies. Global Change Biology 10, 1180-1196, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.00798.x.

Grant, B., Smith, W.N., Desjardins, R., Lemkc, R., C. Li,: Estimated N2O and CO2 emissions as influenced by agricultural practices in Canada, Climate Change 65 (3): 315-332 AUG 2004

Smith, W.N. , B. Grant, R.L. Desjardins, R. Lemke, B. Grant, C. Li, Estimates of the interannual variations of N2O emissions from agricultural soils in Canada, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, Volume 68, Issue 1, January  2004, Pages 37 – 45.

Li, C. 2004. Modeling terrestrial ecosystems. Complex Systems and Complexity Science 1:49-57 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Cui, J., C. Li, G. Sun, and C. Trettin, 2005. Linkage of MIKE SHE to Wetland-DNDC for carbon budgeting and anaerobic biogeochemistry simulation. Biogeochemistry, 72:147-167, DOI 10.1007/s10533-004-0367-8.

Cui, J., C. Li, and C. Trettin. 2005. Analyzing the ecosystem carbon and hydrologic characteristics of forested wetland using a biogeochemical procees model, Global Change Biology, 11:278-289, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.00900.x.

Li, C., J. Cui, G. Sun, and C. Trettin. 2004. Modeling impacts of management on carbon sequestration and trace gas emissions in forested wetland ecosystems. Environmental Management 33:176-186, DOI: 10.1007/s00267-003-9128-z.

Kiese, R., C. Li, D. Hilbert, H. Papen and K. Butterbach-Bahl, 2004. Regional application of PnET-N-DNDC for estimating the N2O source strength of tropical rainforests in the Wet Tropics of Australia, Global Change Biololgy 11:128-144, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2004.00873x.

Smith, W.N., B. Grant, R.L. Desjardins, R. Lemke, B. Grant, C. Li, Estimates of the interannual variations of N2O emissions from agricultural soils in Canada, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, Volume 68, Issue 1, January  2004, Pages 37 – 45.

Butterbach-Bahl, K., M. Kesik, P. Miehle, H. Papen, and C. Li. 2004. Quantifying the regional source strength of N-trace gases across agricultural and forest ecosystems with process based models. Plant and Soil 260:311-329.

Saggar, S., R.M. Andrew, K.R. Tate, N.J. Rodda, C.B. Hedley and J.A. Townsend  2004. Modelling nitrous oxide emissions from New Zealand dairy grazed pastures. Nutr Cycling Agroecosyst 68:243-255.

Saggar, S., R.M. Andrew, K.R. Tate, C.B. Hedley and J.A. Townsend 2003. Simulation of nitrous oxide emissions from New Zealand dairy-grazed pastures and its mitigation strategies. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Methane and Nitrous Oxide Mitigation Conference, 17-21 November, 2003 Beijing, China. pp. 461-468.

Li, C., X. Xiao, S. Frolking, B. Moore III, J. Qiu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhuang, X. Wang, Z. Dai, J. Liu, X. Qin, B. Liao, R. Sass. 2003. Greenhouse gas emission from cropland of China. Quaternary Sciences, 5:493~503 (in Chinese with English abstract).    

Ganzeveld, L., C. Li, L. Cardenas, J. Hawkins, and G. Kirkman. Nitrogen emissions from soils. In: C. Granier et al. (eds.), Emissions of Atmospheric Trace Components, 171-238. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

Qiu JJ, Tang HJ, Frolking S, Boles S, Li C, Xiao X, Liu JY, Zhuang YH, Qin XG. 2003. Mapping single-, double-, and triple-crop agriculture in China at 0.5°x0.5° by combining county-scale census data with a remote sensing-derived land cover map. Geocarto International, 18(2):3-13.

Farahbakhshazad N., McLaughlin D., Dinnes D. L., Jaynes D. B., and Li C.  A site-specific evaluation of a crop-Denitrification/Decomposition model based upon  a U.S. Midwestern row-crop field. 2002 ASA-CSSA-SSSA, 677 South Segoe Road, Madison, WI 53711, USA. Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Precision Agriculture.

Li, C., A. Mosier, R. Wassmann, Z. Cai, X. Zheng, Y. Huang, H. Tsuruta, J. Boonjawat,  and R. Lantin. 2004. Modeling Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Rice-Based Production Systems: Sensitivity and Upscaling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18: GB1043, doi:10.1019/2003GB002045.

Cai, Z., T. Sawamoto, C. Li, G. Kang, J. Boonjawat, A. Mosier, R. Wassmann, and H. Tsuruta, Field validation of the DNDC model for greenhouse gas emissions in East Asian cropping systems, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 17(4), 1107, doi:10.1029/2003GB002046, 2003.

Li, C., Y. Zhuang, S. Frolking, J. Galloway, R. Harriss, B. Moore III, D. Schimel, and X. Wang, 2003. Modeling soil organic carbon change in croplands of China. Ecological Applications 13(2)327-336.

Li, C., J Qiu, S. Frolking, X. Xiao, W. Salas, B. Moore III, S. Boles, Y. Huang, and R. Sass, 2002. Reduced methane emissions from large-scale changes in water management in China’s rice paddies during 1980-2000, Geophysical Research Letters, 29(20), doi:10.1029/2002GL015370, 2002.

Frolking, S., J. Qiu, S. Boles, X. Xiao, J. Liu, Y. Zhuang, C. Li, and X. Qin, 2002. Combining remote sensing and ground census data to develop new maps of the distribution of rice agriculture in China, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 16(4), 1091, doi:10.1029/2001GB001425, 2002.

Li, C., W. Salas, S. Frolking, S. Boles, X. Xiao, B. Moore, and R. Sass, 2002. Quantifying the atmospheric impacts of paddy rice agriculture in China. In: National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences, Science and Technology Agency of Japan, The Japan International Science and Technology Exchange Center. Proceedings of NIAES-STA International Workshop 2001: Crop Monitoring and Prediction at Regional Scales. 19-21 Debruary 2001, Tsukuba, Japan. Pp. 29-36.

Smith, W.N.,  R.L. Desjardins, B. Grant, C. Li, R. Lemke, P. Rochette, M.D., and Corre, D.  Pennock, 2002, Testing the DNDC model using N2O emissions at two experimental sites in Canada. Canada Journal of Soil Science 82:365-374.

Zhang, Y., C. Li, C. C. Trettin, H. Li, G. Sun, 2002. An integrated model of soil, hydrology and vegetation for carbon dynamics in wetland ecosystems, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10.1029/2001GB001838. 

Zhang, Y., C. Li, X. Zhou, and B. Moore III, 2002. A simulation model linking crop growth and soil biogeochemistry for sustainable agriculture. Ecological Modeling 151:75-108.

Brown, L., Syed, B., Jarvis, S.C., Sneath, R.W., Phillips, V.R., Goulding, K.W.T., and C. Li, 2002. Development and application of a mechanistic model to estimate emission of nitrous oxide from UK agriculture. Atmospheric Environment, 36: 917-928.

Xiao, X., S. Boles, S. Frolking, W. Salas, B. Moore III, C. Li, L. He, and R. Zhao, 2002. Landscale-scale characterization of cropland in China using Vegetation and Landsat TM images. Int. J. Remote Sensing 23:3579-3594.

Xiao, X., L. He, W. Salas, C. Li, B. Moore III, R. Zhao, S. Frolking, and S. Boles, 2002. Quantitative relationships between field-measured leaf area index and vegetation index derived from VEGETATION images for paddy rice fields. Int. J. Remote Sensing 23:3595-3604.

Li, C. 2001. Biogeochemical concepts and methodologies: Development of the DNDC model. Quaternary Sciences 21:89-99 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Butterbach-Bahl, K., F. Stange, H. Papen, G. Grell, and C. Li, 2001. Impact of changes in temperature and precipitation on N2O and NO emissions from forest soils, J. van Ham et al. (eds.) Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: Specific Understanding, Control and Implementation, 165-171. Kluwer Academic Pnblishers, the Netherlands.

Li C, Zhuang YH, Cao MQ, Crill1 PM, Dai ZH, Frolking S, Moore B, Salas W, Song WZ, Wang XK, 2001, Comparing a national inventory of N2O emissions from arable lands in China developed with a process-based agro-ecosystem model to the IPCC methodology. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosystems 60:159-175.

Butterbach-Bahl, K., F. Stange, H. Papen, and C. Li, 2001, Regional inventory of nitric oxide and nitrous oxide emissions for forest soils of Southeast Germany using the biogeochemical model PnET-N-DNDC, J Geophy Res 106:34155-34165.

Li, C., 2000, Modeling trace gas emissions from agricultural ecosystems, Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 58:259-276.

Li, C., Aber, J., Stange, F., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Papen, H.,  2000, A process-oriented model of N2O and NO emissions from forest soils: 1, Model development, J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 105 , No. 4 , p. 4369-4384.

Stange, F., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Papen, H., Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S., Li, C., Aber, J., 2000, A process-oriented model of N2O and NO emission from forest soils 2, Sensitivity analysis and validation, J. Geophys. Res. Vol. 105 , No. 4 , p. 4385-4398.

Li, C. 2000. Loss of soil carbon threatens Chinese agriculture: A comparison on agroecosystem carbon pool in China and the U.S., Quaternary Sciences 20:345-350 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Frolking, S., X. Xiao, Y. Zhuang, W. Salas, and C. Li, 1999. Agricultural land-use in China: a comparison of area estimates from ground-based census and satellite-borne remote sensing, Global Ecology and Biogeography 8:407-416.

Xiu, W.B., Hong Y.T., Chen X.H., Li C., 1999, Agricultural N2O emissions at regional scale: A case study in Guizhou, China. Science in China 29:5-17.

Li, C., 1999, The challenges of modeling nitrous oxide emissions, In: Reducing nitrous oxide emissions from agroecosystems (Eds. Raymond Desjardins, John Keng and Karen Haugen-Kozyra, P.Ag.), International N2O Workshop, held at Banff, Alberta, Canada, March 3-5, 1999. 

Plant R.A.J., E. Veldkamp, C. Li, 1998, Modeling nitrous oxide emissions from a Costa Rican banana plantation, in: Effects of Land Use on Regional Nitrous Oxide Emissions in the Humid Tropics of Costa Rica (ed. R.A.J. Plant), Universal Press, Veenendaal, pp. 41-50.

Frolking, S.E., A.R. Mosier, D.S. Ojima, C. Li  et al., 1998, Comparison of N2O emissions from soils at three temperate agricultural sites: simulations of year-round measurements by four models. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 52:77-105.

Li, C., Y. Zhuang, X. Wang, J. Sun, and X. Sheng, Scaling up soil carbon prediction: A case study for agricultural land in China, In: Proceedings of Second LUTEA Workshop at Beijing, March 2-5, 1998, pp. 87-102.

Li, C., S. Frolking, G.J. Croker, P.R. Grace, J. Klir, M. Korchens, and P.R. Poulton, 1997, Simulating trends in soil organic carbon in long-term experiments using the DNDC model, Geoderma 81:45-60.

Smith, P., J.U. Smith, D.S. Powlson, W.B. McGill, J.R.M. Arah, O.G., Chertov, K. Cleman, U. Franko, S. Frolking, D.S. Jenkinson, R.H. Kelly, H. Klein-Gunnewiek, A.S. Komarov, C. Li, J.A.E. Molina, T. Mueller, W.J. Parton, J.H.M. Thornley, and A.P. Whitmore. 1997. A comparison of the performance of nine soil organic metter models using datasets from seven long-term experiments. Geoderma, 81:153-225.

Li, C., V. Narayanan, and R. Harriss, 1996, Model estimates of nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural lands in the United States, Global Biogeochemical Cycles 10:297-306.

Li, C., S. Frolking, and R. Harriss, 1995. Modeling carbon biogeochemistry in agricultural soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 8:237-254.

Li, C., 1995, Impact of agricultural practices on soil C storage and N2O emissions in 6 states in the US. In: Advances in Soil Science (eds.  R. Lai, J. Kimble, E. Levine and B.A. Stewart), Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect, pp.101-112.

Li, C., S. Frolking, and R. Harriss, 1994, Modeling nitrous oxide emissions from agriculture: A Florida case study, Chemosphere 28:1401-1415.

Li, C., S. Frolking, and R.C. Harriss, 1994, Modeling carbon biogeochemistry in agricultural soils.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 8:237-254.

Li, C., S. Frolking, and T.A. Frolking, 1992a, A model of nitrous oxide evolution from soil driven by   rainfall events: 1. Model structure and sensitivity, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97:9759-9776.

Li, C., S. Frolking, and T.A. Frolking, 1992b, A model of nitrous oxide evolution from soil driven by rainfall events: 2. Applications, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97:9777-9783.

Li, C. and D. Tirpak, 1989, Greenhouse gases emissions in China and their contribution to global warming, Report for U.S. EPA and China EPA.

Li, C., 1989, China's Environment: A Special Report, EPA Journal, 15(3), 44-46.

Li, C., 1989, Biogeochemistry of trace elements, in Trace Elements in Human's Health, Chen Qing (ed.), Beijing University  Press, Beijing, China.

Liao, B., and C. Li, 1989, Buffering effect of soils on acidic precipitation in southwestern China, Environmental Science, 10:30-34.

Li, C., J.G. Bockheim, J.E. Leide, and D.A. Wentz, 1988, Potential for buffering of acidic precipitation by mineral weathering in a forested entisol, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 52:1148-1154.

Bockheim, J.G., J.E. Leide, C. Li, K.K. Sorsa, and K.J. Zuelsdorff, D.R. Knauer, and R.A. Goldstein,1987, Acid precipitation and major trace element biogeochemistry of terrestrial ecosystems in the upper Great Lakes region, USA, in Acid Rain: Scientific and Technical Advances, (ed.) R. Perry, Harrison, J.N. Bell, and J.N. Lester. Selper Ltd., London.

Jackson, M.L., C. Li and, D.F. Martin, 1986, Do land characteristics affect heart and gastrointestinal cancer death rates among Florida counties? Florida Scientist. 49(2), 82-97.

Li, C. and M.L. Jackson, 1985, Selenium affects heart death rates in China and USA, in D.D. Hemphill (ed.), Trace Substances in Environmental Health -- XIX, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

Jackson, M.L., J.Z. Zhang, and C. Li, 1985, Land characteristics associated with diverse human heart and digestive system cancer death rates among Wisconsin counties, Arts and Letters, Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, 73:35-41.

Li, C., 1982, Adsorption kinetics of mercury in river sediments, Environmental Chemistry, 1:304-313.

Li, C. and J.I. Liu, 1981, Environmental behavior of mercury in river water and sediments, Journal of Environmental Science Collection, 1:1-9.

Li, C., 1981, Strategies for analyzing large environmental systems, Journal of  Dialectics of Nature, 3:49-50.

Li, C., C.S. Wu, and T.Y. Zhao, 1980,  Methodologies for urban environmental quality assessment, in Proceedings of First National Conference of The Environmental Science Society of China, Committee for Environmental Science of Academia Sinica (ed.), Science Press, Beijing, China.

Li, C. and D.S. Liu, 1978, Environmental geology and human health, in Proceedings of the First Environmental Science Symposium of Academia Sinica, Committee for Environmental Science of Academia Sinica (ed.), Science Press, Beijing, China.

Li, C. and C.S. Wu, 1977, Basic researches for environmental protection, Journal of Environmental Protection, 4:11-15.

Li, C., 1975, Orientation of environmental geology in China, Geochemica, 2:111-113.

Li, C., 1974, New missions of environmental geology in China, Environmental Geology and Health, 2:1-5.

Li, C., 1973, The environmental pollution problem confronting geoscientists, Geochemica, 1:1-4.

Li, C. and Z.C. Yu, 1973, Development of a biogeochemical model and its application for Keshan disease study in Heilongjiang Province, China. Environmental Geology and Health, 1:9-26.

Li, C., 1972, Relationship between potable water quality and Keshan Disease, Geochemica, 1972, 265-273.

Li, C. 1972, Arising of environmental problems: A new demand for human’s knowledge, Geochemica, June 1972, 135-141.

Li, C., Y.J. Cai, Y.T. Hong, H.D. Cheng, Q. Liang, Z.C. Yu, C.S. Xie, and Y.X. Zhu, 1972, Geochemical characterization of the regions affected by Keshan Disease and Kaschin-Beck Disease in China, Geochemica, March 1972, 12-22.

Nyckowiak, J; Lesny, J; Juszczak, R; Olejnik, J; Blecharczyk, A; Haas, E; Kiese, R; Butterbach-Bahl, K. Application of LandscapeDNDC Model for Simulating Soil Water Content and Crop Yield Quantity. ROCZNIK OCHRONA SRODOWISKA , 15 1937-1951 ; 2 2013.

Edwin Haas, Steffen Klatt, Alexander Fro¨hlich, Philipp Kraft, Christian Werner, Ralf Kiese, Ru diger Grote, Lutz Breuer, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl. LandscapeDNDC: a process model for simulation of biosphere–atmosphere–hydrosphere exchange processes at site and regional scale. Landscape Ecol (2013) 28:615–636. DOI 10.1007/s10980-012-9772-x

Katayanagi, N; Ono, K; Fumoto, T; Mano, M; Miyata, A; Hayashi, K. Validation of the DNDC-Rice model to discover problems in evaluating the nitrogen balance at a paddy-field scale for single-cropping of rice. NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS , 95 ( 2 ): 255-268 ; 10.1007/s10705-013-9561-1 MAR 2013

Wolf B, Kiese R, Chen WW, Grote R, Zheng XH, Butterbach-Bahl K 2012. Modeling N(2)O emissions from steppe in Inner Mongolia, China, with consideration of spring thaw and grazing intensity. Plant and Soil 350(1-2):297-310 DOI: 10.1007/s11104-011-0908-6

Abdalla M, Kumar S, Jones M, Burke J, Williams M 2011. Testing DNDC model for simulating soil respiration and assessing the effects of climate change on the CO(2) gas flux from Irish agriculture. Global and Planetary Change 78(3-4): 106-115 DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.05.011

Chirinda N, Kracher D, Laegdsmand M, Porter JR, Olesen JE, Petersen BM, Doltra J, Kiese R, Butterbach-Bahl K 2011. Simulating soil N(2)O emissions and heterotrophic CO(2) respiration in arable systems using FASSET and MoBiLE-DNDC. Plant and Soil 343(1-2):139-160

de Bruijn AMG, Grote R, Butterbach-Bahl K 2011. An alternative modelling approach to predict emissions of N2O and NO from forest soils. European Journal of Forest Research 130(5):755-773 DOI: 10.1007/s10342-010-0468-y


Follador M, Leip A, Orlandini L 2011. Assessing the impact of Cross Compliance measures on nitrogen fluxes from European farmlands with DNDC-EUROPE. Environmental Pollution 159(11 Special Issue: SI): 3233-3242 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2011.01.025

Giltrap DL, Saggar S, Singh J, Harvey M, McMillan A, Laubach J 2011. Field-scale verification of nitrous oxide emission reduction with DCD in dairy-grazed pasture using measurements and modelling. Soil Research 49(8):696-702 DOI: 10.1071/SR11090

Kiese R, Heinzeller C, Werner C, Wochele S, Grote R, Butterbach-Bahl K 2011. Quantification of nitrate leaching from German forest ecosystems by use of a process oriented biogeochemical model. Environmental Pollution 159(11 Special Issue: SI): 3204-3214 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2011.05.004

Leip A, Busto M, Corazza M, Bergamaschi P, Koeble R, Dechow R, Monni S, de Vries W 2011. Estimation of N(2)O fluxes at the regional scale: data, models, challenges. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 3(5): 328-338 DOI: 10.1016/j.cosust.2011.07.002

Leip A, Busto M, Winiwarter W 2011. Developing spatially stratified N(2)O emission factors for Europe. Environmental Pollution 159(11 Special Issue: SI): 3223-3232 DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.11.024

Li DJ, Lanigan G, Humphreys J 2011. Measured and Simulated Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Ryegrass- and Ryegrass/White Clover-Based Grasslands in a Moist Temperate Climate. PLOS ONE 6(10) Article Number: e26176 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026176

Ludwig B, Bergstermann A, Priesack E, Flessa H 2011. Modelling of crop yields and N(2)O emissions from silty arable soils with differing tillage in two long-term experiments. Soil & Tillage Research 112:114-121

Ludwig B, Jager N, Priesack E, Flessa H 2011. Application of the DNDC model to predict N(2)O emissions from sandy arable soils with differing fertilization in a long-term experiment. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 174(3):350-358

Rafique R, Peichl M, Hennessy D, Kiely G 2011. Evaluating management effects on nitrous oxide emissions from grasslands using the process-based DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC) model. Atmospheric Environment 45(33): 6029-6039 DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.07.046

Syp A, Faber A, Kozyra J, Borek R, Pudelko R, Borzecka-Walker M, Jarosz Z 2011. Modeling Impact of Climate Change and Management Practices on Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Arable Soils. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 20(6): 1593-1602

van Oijen M, Cameron DR, Butterbach-Bahl K, Farahbakhshazad N, Jansson PE, Kiese R, Rahn KH, Werner C, Yeluripati JB 2011. A Bayesian framework for model calibration, comparison and analysis: Application to four models for the biogeochemistry of a Norway spruce forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151(12):1609-1621 DOI: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.06.017

Wang Y, Sun GJ, Zhang F, Qi J, Zhao CY 2011. Modeling impacts of farming management practices on greenhouse gas emissions in the oasis region of China. Biogeosciences 8(8):2377-2390 DOI: 10.5194/bg-8-2377-2011

Yu DS, Yang H, Shi XZ, Warner ED, Zhang LM, Zhao QG 2011. Effects of soil spatial resolution on quantifying CH(4) and N(2)O emissions from rice fields in the Tai Lake region of China by DNDC model. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 25:GB2004

Abdalla M, Jones M, Williams M 2010.Simulation of N2O fluxes from Irish arable soils: effect of climate change and management. Biology and Fertility of Soils 46(3):247-260. DOI: 10.1007/s00374-009-0424-5

Desjardins RL, Pattey E, Smith WN, Worth D, Grant B, Srinivasan R, MacPherson JI, Mauder M 2010. Multiscale estimates of N2O emissions from agricultural lands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150(6): 817-824. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2009.09.001

Dietiker D, Buchmann N, Eugster W 2010. Testing the ability of the DNDC model to predict CO2 and water vapour fluxes of a Swiss cropland site.  Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 139(3): 396-401

Fukushima Y, Chen SP 2009. A decision support tool for modifications in crop cultivation method based on life cycle assessment: a case study on greenhouse gas emission reduction in Taiwanese sugarcane cultivation. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 14(7):639-655. DOI: 10.1007/s11367-009-0100-x

Fumoto T, Yanagihara T, Saito T, Yagi K 2010. Assessment of the methane mitigation potentials of alternative water regimes in rice fields using a process-based biogeochemistry model. Global Change Biology 16(6):1847–1859. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02050.x

Giltrap DL, Singh J, Saggar S, Zaman M 2010. A preliminary study to model the effects of a nitrification inhibitor on nitrous oxide emissions from urine-amended pasture. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 136(3-4):310-317. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.08.007

Lugato E, Zuliani M, Alberti G, Delle Vedove G, Gioli B, Miglietta F, Peressotti A 2010. Application of DNDC biogeochemistry model to estimate greenhouse gas emissions from Italian agricultural areas at high spatial resolution.   Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 139(4):546-556

Machon A,Horváth L, Weidinger T, Grosz B, Pintér K, Tuba Z, Führer E 2010. Estimation of net nitrogen flux between the atmosphere and a semi-natural grassland ecosystem in Hungary. European Journal of Soil Science 61(5):631–639

Miehle P, Grote R, Battaglia M, Feikema PM, Arndt SK 2010.Evaluation of a process-based ecosystem model for long-term biomass and stand development of Eucalyptus globulus plantations. European Journal of Forest Research 129(3):377-391. DOI: 10.1007/s10342-009-0343-x

Shi X-Z, Yang R-W, Weindorf DC, Wang H-J, Yu D-S, Huang Y, Pan X-Z, Sun W-X, Zhang L-M 2010. Simulation of organic carbon dynamics at regional scale for paddy soils in China. Climatic Change 102(3-4):579-593. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9704-1

Wattenbach M, Sus O, Vuichard N, Lehuger S, Gottschalk P, Li L, Leip A, Williams M, Tomelleri E, Kutsch WL, Buchmann N, Eugster W, Dietiker D, Aubinet M, Ceschia E, Béziat P, Grünwald T, Hastings A, Osborne B, Ciais P, Cellier P, P Smith 2010. The carbon balance of European croplands: A cross-site comparison of simulation models . Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 139(3):419-453

Abdalla M, Wattenbach M, Smith P, Ambus P, Jones M, Williams M 2009. Application of the DNDC model to predict emissions of N2O from Irish agriculture. Geoderma 151(3-4):327-337. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.04.021

Britz W, Leip A 2009. Development of marginal emission factors for N losses from agricultural soils with the DNDC–CAPRI meta-model. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 133(3-4):267-279. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.04.026 

David MB, Del Grosso SJ, Hu X, Marshall EP, McIsaac GF, Parton WJ, Tonitto C, Youssef MA 2009. Modeling denitrification in a tile-drained, corn and soybean agroecosystem of Illinois, USA. Biogeochemistry 93(1-2):7-30. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-008-9273-9

de Bruijn AMG, Butterbach-Bahl K, Blagodatsky S, Grote R 2009. Model evaluation of different mechanisms driving freeze–thaw N2O emissions. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 133(3-4):196-207. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.04.023

Grote R, Lehmann E, Brümmer C, Brüggemann N, Szarzynski J, Kunstmann H 2009. Modelling and observation of biosphere–atmosphere interactions in natural savannah in Burkina Faso, West Africa . Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C 34(4-5):251-260. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2008.05.003

Krobel R, Sun Q, Ingwersen J, Chen X, Zhang F, Muller T, Romheld V, 2009.  Modelling water dynamics with DNDC and Daisy in a soil of the North China Plain: A comparative study.  Environmental Modelling & Software.  DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2009.09.003

Lu X, Cheng G 2009. Climate change effects on soil carbon dynamics and greenhouse gas emissions in Abies fabri forest of subalpine, southwest China. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 41(5):1015-1021. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2008.10.028

Terhoeven-Urselmans T, Scheller E, Raubuch M, Ludwig B, Joergensen RG 2009. CO2 evolution and N mineralization after biogas slurry application in the field and its yield effects on spring barley. Applied Soil Ecology Volume 42(3):297-302. doi:10.1016/j.apsoil.2009.05.012

Saggar S, Hedley C, Giltrap DL, Lambie SM, 2007. Measured and modelled estimates of nitrous oxide emission and methane consumption from a sheep grazed pasture. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 122: 357-365.

Liu Y, Yu Z, Chen J, Zhang F, Doluschitz R, Axmacher JC, 2006, Changes of organic carbon in an intensively cultivated agricultural region: a denitrification-decomposition (DNDC) modelling approach. Science of Total Environment 372: 203-214.


Technical information

Operation system: Windows

Licence: No.

Output(s): crop yield, soil climate, soil microbial activity, soil C sequestration rate, nitrate leaching, emissions of N2O, NO, NH3, CH4 and CO2.

Export format(s): text files

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